In this paper we propose a retrofitting methodology based on Design Thinking in a steel mill plant, and highlight how the retrofitting activity is important to allow even more companies to migrate to Industry 4.0, reducing the gap between SMEs and Large Industries for participation in the 4th Industrial Revolution. The solutions implemented will be described mostly regarding machinery interfacing by OPC for data acquisition, image processing for anomaly detection, and information visualization for human-machine interaction. This paper stresses the need for cooperation between the operators in the design process and the synergy between machineries-things-people inside the production plant.
The main contribution of this work makes evident how a 21st century production machinery can be upgraded by solving specific problems, how this can be done with a viable financial investment and with an improvement in the experience and involvement of workers. The final upgrade will allow the plant to increase efficiency and decrease machinery fault, which was causing a loss in terms of human experience and financial costs.
Keywords:Retrofitting, Design Thinking, Industry 4.0, Internet of Things
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UDOO X86 II is a Single Board Computer and an Arduino™ Leonardo-compatible platform, all embedded on the same board. [Fig.1]
UDOO X86 embeds two processors:
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- the Microchip ATmega32U4 8-bit AVR microcontroller, the same as Arduino® Leonardo.
Fig. 1 UDOO X86 II
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Fig. 2 SECO SBC-C23
- Antonio Rizzo Universität von Siena, Siena, Italien firstname.lastname@example.org
- Giovanni Burresi email@example.com
- Sara Ermini firstname.lastname@example.org
- Dario Bernabini email@example.com
- Martino Lorusso firstname.lastname@example.org
- Federico Gelli email@example.com
- Davide Frustace firstname.lastname@example.org